Predictors of Aspirin Failure in Preeclampsia Prevention
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (including preeclampsia) are among the leading causes of pregnancy complications and maternal deaths worldwide. They also increase the risks to the babies. Numerous interventions have been suggested in order to reduce the rate of preeclampsia. Low-dose aspirin is the most beneficial prophylactic approach in this regard. Nevertheless, aspirin failure is not uncommon. The genetic, laboratory, and clinical factors associated with low-dose aspirin failure in the prevention of preeclampsia are largely unknown. The presence of a genetic variant in PAR4 receptor expressed on platelets, is associated with increased platelet function and possibly with aspirin failure.
- Eligible Ages
- Between 18 Years and 45 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Women aged 18-45 years with prior history of preeclampsia who received low dose aspirin in their subsequent gestation and either did or did not have a recurrence of preeclampsia. 2. Aspirin was given in their subsequent pregnancy in a 81 mg dose prior to 16 weeks of gestation, and was taken with a self-reported compliance rate of at least 80% 3. Subsequent pregnancy lasted beyond 20 weeks of gestation 4. Willingness to abstain from non-prescription non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which are known to interfere with platelet function assays, for one week prior to platelet function analyses. 5. Healthy controls recruited for SNP assay optimization: Women aged 18 years or older, with no other specific inclusion criteria that need to be met in order to be enrolled for the study.
- Age <18 years or >45 years 2. Any clinically significant adverse reaction to aspirin on prior exposure 3. Known bleeding disorder based on personal or family history 4. History of kidney or liver impairment 5. Current pregnancy 6. Current use of antithrombotic agents (e.g., aspirin, clopidogrel, warfarin, direct acting oral anticoagulants). 7. Chronic hypertension (systolic blood pressure >140 mmHG or diastolic pressure >90 mmHG, or use of antihypertensive drugs or diagnosis made by clinician) 8. Diabetes mellitus 9. Current known malignancy 10. History of hemorrhagic stroke 11. Participants may be excluded at the discretion of the investigator for medical, psychological or other reasons 12. Rockefeller students, and Rockefeller employees in the Coller lab, are excluded from participation. 13. Healthy controls: A. <18 years of age. B. Participants may be excluded at the discretion of the investigator for medical, psychological or other reasons C. Rockefeller students, and Rockefeller employees in the Coller lab, are excluded from participation.
- Early Phase 1
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Parallel Assignment
- Primary Purpose
- Basic Science
- None (Open Label)
Women with prior history of preeclampsia who received aspirin in subsequent gestation
|Single-dose of enteric-coated 81 mg aspirin||
|In this group, no aspirin will be given, as blood draw will not be performed at all among the healthy volunteers. The group of healthy volunteers will serve only for the SNP assay development.||
- Rockefeller University
Study ContactRecruitment Office
Preeclampsia is among the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. The pathophysiology underling the occurrence of preeclampsia is multifactorial with many suggested theories. Among the latter, enhanced platelet activation coupled with an imbalance in prostanoid levels have been postulated as being responsible for the pathophysiologic changes in preeclampsia. Numerous prophylactic interventions have been investigated in order to reduce the rate of gestational hypertensive disorders. It is currently well-established that administration of low-dose aspirin is the most beneficial prophylactic approach. The major effect of aspirin is to inhibit cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), which reduces thromboxane A2 production in platelets and the abnormally increased thromboxane A2/prostaglandin I2 imbalance. This improves placental function by favoring systemic vasodilatation and inhibiting platelet aggregation. Despite its well-established clinical role in the prevention of preeclampsia, aspirin failure is not uncommon. Nevertheless, the ancestry/genetic, laboratory, and clinical factors associated with low-dose aspirin failure in the prevention of preeclampsia are largely unknown. Higher rates of aspirin failure have been reported in Black women, possibly due to genetic variants. Studies among non-pregnant patients, have identified that racial differences in PAR4 (protease- activated receptor 4) expressed on platelets, are associated with increased platelet function in Blacks compared to whites. A single-nucleotide variant (rs773902) in PAR4 gene (F2RL3), which results in alanine/threonine polymorphism, was shown to largely account for the racial difference in platelet activation by PAR4. The frequency of the variant differs widely between self-declared Black individuals and non-Black individuals, with values of ~65% versus~20%. Thus, it is possible that the variant may contribute to the higher rate of failure of low dose aspirin in the Black population. The study aim is to evaluate these issues.